Climate Adaptation and Sustainability

  • Small Steps Pave The Way To Climate Resilience And CO2 Mitigation

climate adaptation and sustainability

FAO saw many positive outcomes for work at intervals the agriculture sectors to create climate resilience and limit carbon dioxide emissions, at this year’s international organisation Climate Conference (COP25) in Madrid.

But despite its stigmatization “time for action”, the conference was represented by the media as a ‘disappointment’ and a ‘lost opportunity’.   

Countries did not agree on several of the hoped-for outcomes, together with rules to line up a world carbon mercantilism system and a mechanism to channel finance into countries severely suffering from the impacts of temperature change.

Developments for UN agency included:

-Increased country commitment to the ‘Koronivia Joint work on Agriculture’-A mandate for the continuation of the urban centre Partnership for world Climate Action-The recognition of UN agency as a number one figure within the fight against deforestation-The inclusion of oceans in final COP call texts-The launch of a replacement report on enhancing access to climate data and services for climate-resilient development.

Agriculture, together with biology, fisheries and placental production, generate around a fifth of the world's gas emissions nonetheless these sectors conjointly hold several of the solutions to the crisis. This was stressed by the UN agency Director-General QU Dongyu himself highlight the key role of agriculture in providing nature-based solutions to deal with temperature change, at a special event on property Development Goal fifteen – Life onto land. 

Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture

It was not simply the success stories from Republic of Kenya, Brazil, Indonesia, Austria, Luxembourg and Poland on improved soil carbon health and fertility below tract and cropland, higher water management, and integrated systems, that came out of events on the less-discussed component of COP: the Koronivia Joint work on Agriculture (KJWA). over a hundred member countries square measure currently aboard and a part of the ‘Koronivia’ method – this alone is proof that countries square measure on the proper track and committed to achieving similar goals. 

The Koronivia workshops praised agroecological techniques like cowl cropping, mulching, and manure-based fertilization, and sensible recommendation emerged on ways that to boost nutrient use and manure management.

“Animal manure presents a mostly untapped potential for climate action” aforementioned FAO’s Steinfield, an organizer in FAO’s Animal Production and Health Division.

“One example is that manure and building waste may be wont to generate fertiliser and biogas as a supply of renewable energy”. The new UN agency report “Five sensible actions towards low-carbon placental” launched throughout COP twenty-five calls on countries to speculate in innovations that lower livestock gas emissions and guarantee future food security.

Climate services promote climate resilient development

FAO contributed to the planet meteoric Organization (WMO) 2019 State of Climate Services Report, that was launched throughout the primary week of COP and highlights each challenge and opportunities for climate services geared toward promoting temperature change adaptation.

"Every greenback invested within early action has generated a come on investment starting from USD2.5 to USD7 in avoided disaster losses" aforementioned UN agency Deputy Director Zitouni Ould-Dada, swing the facts on the table at the launch.

FAO/UNDP NAP-Ag (Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans) programme, a multi-year initiative funded by the govt. of FRG, LED 2 aspect events and negotiations concerning further technical and backing. it had been a crucial chance to make a higher understanding of the NAP method, and the way the programme helps associate degree increasing range of partner countries to spot and integrate adaptation measures into relevant national coming up with and budgeting.

Integrating gender issues

The orient ‘Gender in Adaptation coming up with for the Agriculture Sectors’, launched at one in every of the Nap-Ag aspect events came at a key moment, before governments adopt a replacement 5-year Gender Action set up (GAP) addressing several of the issues raised by ladies and gender teams, vocation for bigger specialize in implementation, and scaling up gender-just climate solutions.

Blue COP?

Carolina solon, this year’s COP president and Minister of surroundings of Chile, declared within the second week of the conference that thirty-nine countries have currently committed to together with oceans in their future NDCs.

Oceans and coastal square measures are rising on the climate agenda and therefore the momentum gained at intervals the UNFCCC LED to the event of the recent IPCC special report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in ever-changing climate and to the inclusion of the oceans in a very ‘COP’ call text for the primary time in history.

Another positive outcome from last week’s conference is that UN agency is an element of the UNFCCC/Nairobi work programme specialised cluster of consultants on oceans, contributive to a scoping paper on adaptation and getting ready the bottom for work that's certain to expand within the future.

Working to safeguard vulnerable forests and their folks

Deforestation took on a replacement level of connexion at this year’s COP and UN agency Director-General, Qu Dongyu, brought any attention to the subject and FAO’s work speaking at the "turning the tide on deforestation" dialogue.

Through this holistic approach over twenty developing countries have managed to cut back the number of malnourished folks and to boost agricultural productivity, whereas maintaining or increasing their forest space.

During COP UN agency conjointly launched a framework methodology to research the vulnerability of forests and forest-dependent folks to temperature change providing a straightforward approach to conducting relevant assessments.

Hiroto Mitsugi, Director-General of FAO’s biology Department aforementioned the tool can change assessments that square measure “indispensable for ground-level action to adapt to temperature change.” UN agency has immersed immediate action to “increase forest resilience and scale back the threat exhibit to the livelihoods and well-being of forest-dependent households.”

The fact that temperatures still rise can not be unnoticed, the IPCC report onto land stipulates actions that have to be taken to limit this warming to one.5 °C. The impacts of an increase to a pair of degrees would be devastating, from floods associate degreed rising ocean levels to a dismaying call in crop production. The work should prolong and this COP25 was another reminder that we've got to improve the pace. little steps through programmes and policy work on each level should result in bigger changes before we have a tendency to all run out of your time.

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